Physiological and Psychological Effects on Intuitive Eating




Intuitive Eating, Eating Behavior, Diet, Psychology Health, Physiology Health


Eating behavior is a behavior that is easily affected by the individual's lifestyle, social environments and emotional state. Intuitive eating is; It is a nutritional approach that the individual performs only in response to physical hunger and satiety signals without being affected by other stimuli. Intuitive eating is a new understanding of nutrition as an alternative to strict diet programs that tell individuals what foods to eat at what times and in what quantities. In intuitive eating, the individual's dietary guide is only his own body. Physiological signals from the body direct the person to the right food at the most appropriate time. Intuitive eating is a more sustainable method than dieting because it does not contain certain restrictions and is more effective in maintaining ideal body weight in the long run. In contrast to traditional weight loss methods, intuitive eating is thought to be a new intervention in the prevention and treatment of obesity. Intuitive eating behavior is associated with lower body mass index, lower blood pressure, and ideal cholesterol levels. From a psychological point of view, it has been seen that individuals who eat intuitively are negatively associated with body image disorders and eating disorders. There are many studies that include the effects of intuitive eating, which emerged as an approach to diet logic, on physiological and psychological health. Future studies are expected to reveal many more positive effects of intuitive eating on the human body. In this review, the effects of intuitive eating on human psychology and physiology are summarized.


Download data is not yet available.


Anderson, L. M., Reilly, E. E., Schaumberg, K., Dmochowski, S., & Anderson, D. A. (2016). Contributions of mindful eating, intuitive eating, and restraint to BMI, disordered eating, and meal consumption in college students. Eating and weight disorders: EWD, 21(1), 83–90.

Andrew, R., Tiggemann, M., & Clark, L. (2016). Predicting body appreciation in young women: An integrated model of positive body image. Body image, 18, 34–42.

Argyrides, M., & Anastasiades, E. (2022). Intuitive eating in Greek-Cypriot adults: Influence of gender and body mass. Frontiers in psychology, 13, 1033720.

Bacon, L., Keim, N. L., Van Loan, M. D., Derricote, M., Gale, B., Kazaks, A., & Stern, J. S. (2002). Evaluating a 'non-diet' wellness intervention for improvement of metabolic fitness, psychological well-being and eating and activity behaviors. International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders: journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 26(6), 854–865.

Bas, M., Karaca, K. E., Saglam, D., Arıtıcı, G., Cengiz, E., Köksal, S., & Buyukkaragoz, A. H. (2017). Turkish version of the Intuitive Eating Scale-2: Validity and reliability among university students. Appetite, 114, 391–397.

Bennett, B. L., & Latner, J. D. (2022). Mindful eating, intuitive eating, and the loss of control over eating. Eating behaviors, 47, 101680.

Cadena-Schlam, L., & López-Guimerà, G. (2014). Intuitive eating: an emerging approach to eating behavior. Nutricion hospitalaria, 31(3), 995–1002.

Canetti, L., Bachar, E., & Berry, E. M. (2002). Food and emotion. Behavioural processes, 60(2), 157–164.

Carrard, I., Rothen, S., & Rodgers, R. F. (2021). Body image concerns and intuitive eating in older women. Appetite, 164, 105275.

Christoph, M., Järvelä-Reijonen, E., Hooper, L., Larson, N., Mason, S. M., & Neumark-Sztainer, D. (2021). Longitudinal associations between intuitive eating and weight-related behaviors in a population-based sample of young adults. Appetite, 160, 105093.

Dalen, J., Smith, B. W., Shelley, B. M., Sloan, A. L., Leahigh, L., & Begay, D. (2010). Pilot study: Mindful Eating and Living (MEAL): weight, eating behavior, and psychological outcomes associated with a mindfulness-based intervention for people with obesity. Complementary therapies in medicine, 18(6), 260–264.

Demirci, N., Yıldırım, İ., Toptaş Demirci, P. And Ersöz, Y. (2018). Why Should We Do Physical Activity? More Active People For A Healthier World. Int J Disabil Sports Health Sci;1(2);1-14

Denny, K. N., Loth, K., Eisenberg, M. E., & Neumark-Sztainer, D. (2013). Intuitive eating in young adults. Who is doing it, and how is it related to disordered eating behaviors?. Appetite, 60(1), 13–19.

Deveci, B., Avcikurt, C. (2017). Eating behavior: An investigation on gastronomy and culinary arts pupils. Journal of Tourism and Gastronomy Studies, 5(3):118-134

Duarte, C., Pinto Gouveia, J., & Mendes, A. (2016). Psychometric Properties of the Intuitive Eating Scale -2 and Association with Binge Eating Symptoms in a Portuguese Community Sample. International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy, 16(3),329-341.[fecha de Consulta 26 de Marzo de 2023]. ISSN: 1577-7057.

Fletcher, GF., Landolfo, C., Niebauer, J., Ozemek, C., Arena, R., Lavie, CJ. (2018). Promoting physical activity and exercise: JACC health promotion series. J Am Coll Cardiol 2018;72(14):1622-1639.

Gast, J., Madanat, H., & Nielson, A. C. (2012). Are men more intuitive when it comes to eating and physical activity?. American journal of men's health, 6(2), 164–171.

Geliebter, A., & Aversa, A. (2003). Emotional eating in overweight, normal weight, and underweight individuals. Eating behaviors, 3(4), 341–347.

Hazzard, V. M., Telke, S. E., Simone, M., Anderson, L. M., Larson, N. I., & Neumark-Sztainer, D. (2021). Intuitive eating longitudinally predicts better psychological health and lower use of disordered eating behaviors: findings from EAT 2010-2018. Eating and weight disorders: EWD, 26(1), 287–294.

Healy, N., Joram, E., Matvienko, O.A., Woolf, S., & Knesting, K. (2015). Impact of an Intuitive Eating Education Program on High School Students' Eating Attitudes. Health Education, 115, 214-228.

Herbert, B. M., Blechert, J., Hautzinger, M., Matthias, E., & Herbert, C. (2013). Intuitive eating is associated with interoceptive sensitivity. Effects on body mass index. Appetite, 70, 22-30.

Hilbert, A., Pike, K. M., Goldschmidt, A. B., Wilfley, D. E., Fairburn, C. G., Dohm, F. A., Walsh, B. T., & Striegel Weissman, R. (2014). Risk factors across the eating disorders. Psychiatry research, 220(1-2), 500–506.

Jackson, A., Sano, Y., Parker, L., Cox, A. E., & Lanigan, J. (2022). Intuitive eating and dietary intake. Eating behaviors, 45, 101606.

Keirns, N. G., & Hawkins, M. A. W. (2019). The relationship between intuitive eating and body image is moderated by measured body mass index. Eating behaviors, 33, 91–96.

Keith, S. W., Redden, D. T., Katzmarzyk, P. T., Boggiano, M. M., Hanlon, E. C., Benca, R. M. & Allison, D. B. (2006). Putative contributors to the secular increase in obesity: exploring the roads less traveled. International Journal of Obesity, 30(11), 1585-1594.

Li, Y. (2018). Using a non-diet approach to prevent overweight and obesity among 6 th to 8 th grade youth in a low-income racial/ethnic community in Kansas. Kansas State University.

Linardon, J., & Mitchell, S. (2017). Rigid dietary control, flexible dietary control, and intuitive eating: Evidence for their differential relationship to disordered eating and body image concerns. Eating behaviors, 26, 16–22.

Liu, Y., Lee, DC., Li, Y., et al. (2019). Associations of resistance exercise with cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality. Med Sci Sports Exerc;51(3):499-508.

Lutter, M., & Nestler, E. J. (2009). Homeostatic and hedonic signals interact in the regulation of food intake. The Journal of Nutrition, 139(3), 629-632.

Małachowska, A., & Jeżewska-Zychowicz, M. (2022). Polish Adaptation and Validation of the Intuitive (IES-2) and Mindful (MES) Eating Scales-The Relationship of the Concepts with Healthy and Unhealthy Food Intake (a Cross-Sectional Study). Nutrients, 14(5), 1109.

Ndahimana, D., & Kim, E. K. (2018). Energy Requirements in Critically Ill Patients. Clinical nutrition research, 7(2), 81–90.

Quansah, D. Y., Schenk, S., Gilbert, L., Arhab, A., Gross, J., Marques-Vidal, P. M., Gonzalez Rodriguez, E., Hans, D., Horsch, A., & Puder, J. J. (2022). Intuitive Eating Behavior, Diet Quality and Metabolic Health in the Postpartum in Women with Gestational Diabetes. Nutrients, 14(20), 4272.

Richard, A., Meule, A., Georgii, C., Voderholzer, U., Cuntz, U., Wilhelm, F. H., & Blechert, J. (2019). Associations between interoceptive sensitivity, intuitive eating, and body mass index in patients with anorexia nervosa and normal-weight controls. European eating disorders review : the journal of the Eating Disorders Association, 27(5), 571–577.

Richardson, B. S., Willig, A. L., Agne, A. A., & Cherrington, A. L. (2015). Diabetes Connect: African American Women's Perceptions of the Community Health Worker Model for Diabetes Care. Journal of community health, 40(5), 905–911.

Román, N., Rigó, A., Gajdos, P., Tóth-Király, I., & Urbán, R. (2021). Intuitive eating in light of other eating styles and motives: Experiences with construct validity and the Hungarian adaptation of the Intuitive Eating Scale-2. Body image, 39, 30–39.

Stewart, T. M., Williamson, D. A., & White, M. A. (2002). Rigid vs. flexible dieting: association with eating disorder symptoms in nonobese women. Appetite, 38(1), 39–44.

Tan, C. C., & Chow, C. M. (2014). Stress and emotional eating: The mediating role of eating dysregulation. Personality and Individual Differences, 66, 1–4.

Teas, E., Kimiecik, J., Ward, R. M., & Timmerman, K. (2022). Intuitive Eating and Biomarkers Related to Cardiovascular Disease in Older Adults. Journal of nutrition education and behavior, 54(5), 412–421.

Tribole E, R. E. (2016). Intuitive eating: A revolutionary program that works. 3rd edition, N.Y.: St. Martin's Press.

Tylka, T.L. (2006) Development and Psychometric Evaluation of a Measure of Intuitive Eating. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 53, 226-240.

Tylka, T. L., & Kroon Van Diest, A. M. (2013). The Intuitive Eating Scale-2: item refinement and psychometric evaluation with college women and men. Journal of counseling psychology, 60(1), 137–153.

Tylka, T. L., Calogero, R. M., & Daníelsdóttir, S. (2015). Is intuitive eating the same as flexible dietary control? Their links to each other and well-being could provide an answer. Appetite, 95, 166–175.

Van Dyck, Z., Herbert, B. M., Happ, C., Kleveman, G. V., & Vögele, C. (2016). German version of the intuitive eating scale: Psychometric evaluation and application to an eating disordered population. Appetite, 105, 798–807.

Van Dyke, N., & Drinkwater, E. J. (2014). Relationships between intuitive eating and health indicators: a literature review. Public health nutrition, 17(8), 1757–1766.

Wu, J., Willner, C. J., Hill, C., Fearon, P., Mayes, L. C., & Crowley, M. J. (2018). Emotional eating and instructed food-cue processing in adolescents: An ERP study. Biological psychology, 132, 27–36.




How to Cite

Çelik, M. H., & Bayır, A. G. (2023). Physiological and Psychological Effects on Intuitive Eating. EUROASIA JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES & HUMANITIES, 10(32), 75–84.