Early Period of Turkish Cinema and a Contrary Detection on the First Screening to the Public: First Screening Izmir Apollon Hall





First Screening, Sponeck, Apollon Hall, İzmir, Kinematograph


In 1895, when the Lumiere Brothers found the cinematoscope, it was in the Ottoman Empire period and II. Abdulhamid was the sultan. The public's acquaintance with moving images actually goes back much earlier. In Pera, which was multilingual in the Ottoman Empire and its door was open to Europe, the public was introduced to pre-cinematoscope devices such as lanternmagic and kinethoscope with moving images. Especially,  the public had the chance to meet with these images, which were created on curtains and walls from the shadow play tradition such as Karagöz and Hacivat. Operators coming to the Empire from all over the world were cooperating with Ottoman entrepreneurs. These operators, with the films, projectors, phonographs and other technical devices they bring; introducing the new invention of the century to the Ottomans. In Istanbul, movies were shown in theater buildings, coffee houses, pubs, museums, schools, gardens and similar places. In the article titled "10 Years of Cinema History" published in Cumhuriyet Newspaper in 1933, he mentions that mobile cinema was brought to Turkey for the first time in 1902 in a cafe in Yeşil Tulumba, Koskada.The person who brought it is a mobile acrobat. The camera is very small, and the 3 films he brought with him are 50 meters long. In 1903, a second mobile cinema was brought to the building where the Şark Kıraathanesi is located in Şehzadebaşı, and these films were shown for 3 kuruş duhuliye.

It is mentioned in the memories of Ayşe Osmanoğlu that the first screening was made by an animation master named Bertrand at Yıldız Palace for the people of the palace, although the date is unknown, it is accepted as before the screening in Sponeck. Although the date of 22 December 1896 and the Sponeck Beer Hall in Galatasaray has been pointed out as the first public screening, it is also among the newly found documents that a "special screening" for journalists and photographers was held before this date. The reason for the writing of this article is that before these screenings, documents and information were obtained about a public screening at the Apollon Hall in İzmir. This situation, which will affect our cinema history, reveals the importance and subjectivity of the article.


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How to Cite

Yıldırım, M. (2023). Early Period of Turkish Cinema and a Contrary Detection on the First Screening to the Public: First Screening Izmir Apollon Hall. EUROASIA JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES & HUMANITIES, 10(32), 184–203. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.8138872