WRITING REFORM IN UZBEKISTAN IN THE 20S OF THE LAST CENTURY
Keywords:alphabet, spelling, reform, spelling change
This article examines the efforts of Turkestan intellectuals in the 1920s to reform the alphabet and spelling, and later to convert the script to the Latin alphabet in Uzbekistan. As a result of these processes, the contradictions between the Uzbek intelligent were assessed. In particular, the members of the "Chigatay Gurungi" headed by Fitrat showed the work in the field of correction and implementation of the old alphabet and spelling of the Uzbek language based on the Arabic script. Attention was paid to the idea of creating a common language, a single script and literature for the Turkic peoples of Central Asia on the national-cultural front of Turkestan nationalists. Conflicts and disputes between the proponents of the Middle Spelling and the new orthographers on the issues of the alphabet, spelling, literary language were explained by the specific historical conditions of this period, the participation of groups in the socio-political processes in Turkestan, their attitude to reality. The policy of the Soviet regime in this regard and its purpose were also revealed. In general, the process of writing reform and change in Uzbekistan, its causes, essence and results were covered on the basis of primary sources.
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