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Abstract


CRİTERİA SEARCHES OF NATİONAL LİTERARY CRİTİCİSM

Azerbaijani literary criticism has its own specific traditions. The article examines the ideological and aesthetic values of a particular stage of literary criticism. The positive tendencies manifested in literary criticism in the 40s and 50s of the twentieth century, the principles of valuing classical and modern literary heritage are revealed. The role of individual literary critics in the literary process of the 40s and 50s is analyzed from an objective historical point of view. Literary-aesthetic thought is dynamic, lively and changeable. It changes in accordance with the socio-political conditions of the time and takes on a new form and content, trying to express the new currents of thought of the time. This change and development is especially important when it manifests itself in the approach to the subject of literary criticism, social events, philosophical and methodological directions are determined. These changes in literary criticism are a phenomenon of thinking, in accordance with the principles of worldview. The history of literary-theoretical thought is one of the basic humanities, which occupies a very important place and plays an active and influential role in the spiritual life of society. As a result, we can say that, as in all periods, the 40s and 50s of our history of criticism and literary criticism are dynamic, lively and changeable. Like in different periods, literary criticism has also played three important roles in the 40s and 50s: First, to explain the literary process, to assess it, to find the regularities of the literary process out, second, to disclose the aesthetic and ethical frameworks created by art, to trigger deep love in readers for them; third, to solve the necessary philosophical, sociological, ethical and aesthetic issues of life by the analysis of art events. Of course, if we evaluate the scientific-theoretical level of our aesthetic thought in the 40’s and 50’s with these three criteria, we can state that literary criticism and literary science have fulfilled their tasks in the literary process dignifiedly. As the foundation of the process leading to democratization in the 60s has started in the late 50’s, the renewal in literary criticism and literary science also occurred a while ago. We can also state that the breath of a new era in literary criticism and literary science has came with “Literary Thoughts” (1958) by M.J.Jafarov .



Keywords
literary criticism, artistic creativity, B.Nabiyev, literary process, literary theory.



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